Posterior Vertebral Column |

A Posterior Column Osteotomy PCO is a form of surgical correction that is used to fix spinal deformities. You may also hear a PCO referred to as a Smith-Petersen Osteotomy or a Ponte Osteotomy. In general, spinal osteotomies are a class of deformity correction that involves removing bone. The vertebral column is also known as the spinal column or spine Figure 1. It consists of a sequence of vertebrae singular = vertebra, each of which is separated and united by an intervertebral disc.Together, the vertebrae and intervertebral discs form the vertebral column. The sides of the vertebral column are separated from the posterior surface by the articular processes in the cervical and thoracic regions, and by the transverse processes in the lumbar region. No, the heart is placed more towards the left lung, anterior to the vertebral column and posterior to the sternum. That is why in 95% of the world population there are only two lobes on the left.

The posterior arch is grooved above for the vertebral artery and the small C1 nerve on each side, and it presents a posterior tubercle behind. Axis fig. 39-4. The axis C2 is characterized by the dens or odontoid process, which projects upward from the body and articulates with the anterior arch of the atlas. The vertebral column spine or backbone is a curved structure composed of bony vertebrae that are interconnected by cartilaginous intervertebral discs. It is part of the axial skeleton and extends from the base of the skull to the tip of the coccyx. The spinal cord runs through its center. Middle column - made up of the posterior one-half of the vertebral body, disc, and annulus, and the posterior longitudinal ligament. 3. Posterior column - made up of the facet joints, ligamentum flavum, the posterior elements and the interconnecting ligaments.

Anatomy: The Vertebral Column. On the posterior surfaces of the vertebral arches and their processes. D. Epidural Space. E. All of the above. 53. Which Region has spinal nerves emerging superior to their corresponding vertebrae? A. Cervical. B. Thoracic. C. Lumbar. D. Sacral. 54. extends along posterior aspects of vertebral bodies and intervertebral discs anterior wall of vertebral canal from C2 to sacrum limits flexion of vertebral column in lower thoracic and lumbar regions posterior longitudinal ligament is denticulated narrower over vertebral bodies and wider over intervertebral discs. Chapter 8 Structure and Function of the Vertebral Column Chapter Outline Normal Curvatures Line of Gravity Osteology Cranium Typical Vertebrae Intervertebral Discs Specifying Vertebrae and Intervertebral Discs Comparison of Vertebrae at Different Regions Supporting Structures of the Vertebral Column Kinematics of the Vertebral Column Craniocervical Region Thoracolumbar Region Functional. The erector spinae is a group of muscles that work together to extend the vertebral column and thus maintain good posture. The muscles are innervated by the spinal nerves. The muscles are. Apr 07, 2017 · Posterior vertebral column resection is the most powerful posterior osteotomy method providing a successful correction of fixed complex deformities. Despite meticulous surgical technique and precision, this robust osteotomy technique can be associated with significant morbidity even in the most experienced hands.

Mar 28, 2015 · This tutorial covers the basics of the vertebral column. Vertebral column resection is a formidable operation reserved for moderate to severe deformities with limited flexibility. The authors devised a technique of vertebral column resection through a single posterior approach that offers significant advantages over the anterior– posterior vertebral column resection. Methods.

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